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CONTRACEPTIVE OPTIONS

There are many options with pros and cons of each of them. Your doctor will recommend the best options based on your individual situation and prescribe the most appropriate option. Information here is to provide more details for you to understand the contraceptive options.

What is it Efficiency How long Positive Negative
Implanon Implant into arm, inserted and removed by trained GP 99.95% 3 years low dose hormone, low risks, prevent endometrial cancer Bleeding pattern problems are common
Intra-uterine Device (Mirena, Copper) Inserted and removed by doctor. Device occupy uterus and pregnancy hard to proceed and also slowly release hormons 99.8% 5 years Less amount of hormones, prevention of blood loss and uterus lining overgrowth Risk of procedure, less menstrual bleeding
Vasectomy Performed by doctor 99.85% Permanent no hormones or devices introduced Risk of procedure, hard to reverse
Tubal occlusion by metal microinsert (Essure) Hysteroscopic procedure 99.8% Permanent Risk of procedure
Female tubal ligation Laparoscopic procedure under anaesthetic 99.5% Permanent Risk of procedure and hospital stay
Depo medroxyprogesterone acetate injection injection 94% 3 months no menstrual period, usually well tolerated, easy to administer Long term use requires bone health check
Combined hormone vaginal ring (NuvaRing) Self-insert, insert into vagina for 3 weeks, then 1 week break and then re-insert again 91-99.7% Once/month Easy to use, superior cycle control (more stable hormone release, less breakthrough bleeding, can set up sms reminder (www.moderncontraception.com.au password = modern ) Expensive
Combined oral contraceptive pill “classic” pill 91-99.7% Once daily Easy to use Not effective if vomiting, diarrhea, interaction with other drugs etc
Progesteron-Only Pill Mini pill (Micronor, Microlut, Noriday) 91-99.7% Once daily If contraindicated estrogen – breastfeeding, cancer, migraines, smoker, obese etc Exact same time
Diaphragm Barrier in vagina 88% Each intercourse
Male condom 82% Each intercourse
Female condom 79% Each intercourse
withdrawal 78% Each intercourse
Fertility awareness Calendar calculation 76% If regular menstrual period Stress, illness, other factors may change ovulation day

 

 

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