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There are many options with pros and cons of each of them. Your doctor will recommend the best options based on your individual situation and prescribe the most appropriate option. Information here is to provide more details for you to understand the contraceptive options.

What is itEfficiencyHow longPositiveNegative
ImplanonImplant into arm, inserted and removed by trained GP99.95%3 yearslow dose hormone, low risks, prevent endometrial cancerBleeding pattern problems are common
Intra-uterine Device (Mirena, Copper)Inserted and removed by doctor. Device occupy uterus and pregnancy hard to proceed and also slowly release hormons99.8%5 yearsLess amount of hormones, prevention of blood loss and uterus lining overgrowthRisk of procedure, less menstrual bleeding
VasectomyPerformed by doctor99.85%Permanentno hormones or devices introducedRisk of procedure, hard to reverse
Tubal occlusion by metal microinsert (Essure)Hysteroscopic procedure99.8%PermanentRisk of procedure
Female tubal ligationLaparoscopic procedure under anaesthetic99.5%PermanentRisk of procedure and hospital stay
Depo medroxyprogesterone acetate injectioninjection94%3 monthsno menstrual period, usually well tolerated, easy to administerLong term use requires bone health check
Combined hormone vaginal ring (NuvaRing)Self-insert, insert into vagina for 3 weeks, then 1 week break and then re-insert again91-99.7%Once/monthEasy to use, superior cycle control (more stable hormone release, less breakthrough bleeding, can set up sms reminder (www.moderncontraception.com.au password = modern )Expensive
Combined oral contraceptive pill“classic” pill91-99.7%Once dailyEasy to useNot effective if vomiting, diarrhea, interaction with other drugs etc
Progesteron-Only PillMini pill (Micronor, Microlut, Noriday)91-99.7%Once dailyIf contraindicated estrogen – breastfeeding, cancer, migraines, smoker, obese etcExact same time
Diaphragm Barrier in vagina88%Each intercourse
Male condom82%Each intercourse
Female condom79%Each intercourse
withdrawal78%Each intercourse
Fertility awarenessCalendar calculation76%If regular menstrual periodStress, illness, other factors may change ovulation day