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KELLOID AND HYPERTROPHIC SCARS

What are treatment options for keloid? 

Unfortunately, keloids are 1 of the most unpredictable and tricky for treatment conditions. Trauma from treatment may induce more keloid tissues to grow. 

options include: 

  • sterod injections into keloid to reduce inflamation and shrink the size
  • restriction of movement of the keloid by bands, silicone gel pads etc
  • moisturizers to keep the keloid tissue soft
  • freezing the tissue with Liquid Nitrogen to reduce the tissue and kill growing cells
  • radiation 
  • 5FU is still considered experimental and review results of efficacy is pending (more info here )
  • IMM topical application – the prescription only medication (can’t disclose to public the full name to comply with Australian legislation). The medication modifies immune system and used to shrink in size and kill cells in non-aggressive tumors like BCC, actinic keratosis and genital warts. Such treatment is still off label in nature and we don’t have enough data on it’s efficacy.  

Earlier treatment started, better prognosis will be. 

Please, do not delay to see a cosmetic doctor for the keloid scar, if you suspect you have one. Although we have experience in treating keloid even years after it appeared, VISTA Clinic Melbourne can’t emphasize enough to seek doctor’s advice early.  

Keloid and hypertrophic scars occur after the injury is healed and are types of raised scars. Keloid scars keep growing weeks and months after the healed wound.  

What is the cause of keloid of hypertrophic scar?

Anything what can cause a scar, can cause keloid – cut, burn, acne, vaccination, tatoo, chickenpox, ear piersing. Keloids are often genetically determined and more pronounced on the areas with more movement. 

who more prone to kelois formation:

-people of Asian descent

-people of Latin descent

-pregnant

-under 30 years old.

Can it self improve? 

once formed, keloid scars are permanent. Unfortunately, even months and years later, scars still can grow. Our Melbourne clinic and none of experienced cosmetic doctor observed cases of self improvement of keloid scars. Usually, it’s the other way around – the tissues keep growing as time goes by.  

 

What are symptoms of keloid? 

keloids are self- diagnosed usually – most of our Melbourne clinic patients ask keloid scar treatment when call. It’s basically overgrowth of scar tissue. 

  • lumpy or ridged area above the scar, raised.
  • red or pink color (also means it would respond to the treatment best)
  • continue growing over the injury with time
  • itchiness around the injury site. 

Keloid scar is larger than the wound itself. 

It’s not only cosmetic concern, keloid scar can be irritating and restricting to movements. Keloid  can darken under the sun, what makes it more noticable. Sun protection is usually recommended. 

Any growing lesion on your body needs to be checked by doctor to exclude cancer. 

 

 

 

 

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